Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a well known former prime minister of our country is no more with us. During his tenure India has seen such a great development that he should be known as one of the best prime ministers of India. He was elected as the prime minister in 1996 for only 13 days and then again in 1998 he was the prime minister for 13 months and completed his full term between 1999-2004.He was the 1st non congress prime minister who completed the full term.
Now lets see his achievements that make him the Best Prime Minister of India.
If you want to know the intention of a politician how good or bad he is then you should look at his focus on the basic fundamentals like education, healthcare, electricity, road and water.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was one such politician who used to focus on such issues especially education.
He revolutionized the education sector in 2001 by launching the Sarva Siksha Abhiyan. Under Sarva Siksha Abhiyan every child between the age of 6-14 years will be given free and compulsory education and this scheme turned out to be very successful, school drop out rates decreased, enrollment rates increased
To bring such a big change in 5 years is not less then any miracle.
II)EDUCATION WAS DECLARED A FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT
Atalji’ government even declared that the Free education in our country is every child’s right by passing 86 constitutional amendments.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee used to understand after education how important was Science for the development of the country,
I)SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY
Atal Bihari Vajpayee launched a new Science and Technology policy in 2003.Since our country got independence this was the just the 3rd policy on Science. Here Scientists were encouraged and research and developments were promoted.
The first objective of this policy was – To ensure that the message of Science reaches every citizen of India to man and woman, young and old so that we advance scientific temper, emerge as a progressive and enlightened country.This sounds very normal to hear but it has become very uncommon these days.
In 2003 India used to invest 1.1 % of GDP in scientific research.This much money used to be put in the research.Atal Bihari Vajpayeeji promised that this number will be raised till 2 % by 2007 but unfortunately he couldn’t become the prime minister again and since Congress has come this number is going down and today in 2020 this has reached to 0.69% So how we used to promote Science in 2003 we are unable to do even a bit of that percent in 2020.
That era was a different. In today’s time the scene is such that the wrong number baba’s are made to sit on the chair of the chief minister. Superstitions is promoted so much.
Anyways lets go back to Atal Bihari Vajpayee scientific achievements.
II)INDIA’S FIRST MOON MISSION WAS APPROVED
This was another Atalji’s scientific achievements. The first spacecraft to go on space in 2008 from India, Chandrayan 1, it’s approval was given by Atalji.
III) INDIA DECLARE NUCLEAR STATE
When Nuclear tests were conducte in the famous Pokhran, India was declared as the Nuclear state during Atalji’s time..
3)ECONOMY AND INFRASTRUCTURE
Lets move forward to Economy and Infrastructure .Here some of achievements of Atal Bihari Vajpayee are GOLDEN QUADILATERAL HIGHWAY PROJECT , GRAMIN SADAK YOJNA (FOR VILLAGE) , DELHI METRO PROJECT ,STEADY ECONOMIC GDP GROWTH and MASSIVELY INCREASED INDIA’S RESERVES
I)GOLDEN QUADILATERAL HIGHWAY PROJECT
In infrastructure without doubt his most important achievement was Golden quadrilateral Highway project.This was the largest highway network in the country. It’s total cost was 50,000 crore rupees.
That time in 1999 Vajpayeeji’s government has come and the total length of all the highway was 50,000km .In 2004 when his Government ended by that time the length of the highways were 65,000.That means he made 15,000km of highways in 5 years.
For comparison during the time Manmohanji’s government the length of highways increased to 69,000 in 10 years.So whatever he has done in 10 years was done by him in 5 years.
II)GRAMIN SADAK YOJNA (FOR VILLAGE)
After this his another success was of the Grahmin sadak Yogna -To make road reach every village.
III)DELHI METRO PROJECT WAS APPROVED
Delhi Metros, which is one of the most successful projects in today’s time, that project was also approved by Atal Bihari Vajpayee
IV)STEADY ECONOMIC GDP GROWTH(6-8%)
Talking about economics then he very well continued P.V. Narsimha Rao’s historic economic liberalism reforms.Inspite of facing so many problems during his government he maintained a steady economic growth.
There was a parliament attack in 1998-99, there was cyclones in 2001 and a devastating earthquake accounting for a loss of economics.There was a world oil crisis, 9/11 attack, parliament attack in India and even Kargil war so these are such things due to which the economy can come down but he didn’t let it come down.
V) MASSIVELY INCREASED INDIA’S RESERVES
He encourages privatisation and to reduce fiscal deficit he introduced fiscal responsibility act which was so successful so it crossed more than 100% that India got so much money that it can pay all it’s debt and still remain with some money.So this was a big achievement of Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Fourth very big achievement during Atalji Bihari Vajpayee time was in the Foreign policy.
He used to believe that we must maintain peace with all our neighbours and improve our ties, he used to not believe in the politics of swearing on Pakistan and asking for votes.He used to not consider any country as our enemy country.
I) IMPROVED RELATIONS WITH CHINA AND USA
His government resolved many territorial disputes that we had with China and even encouraged trade between India and China.
A new era was seen by US and Indian ties during Atalji’s time.Bill Clinton the US president visited India which after a long term that a US president was coming to India.
II)FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS IN KASHMIR FOR THE FIRST TIME
Free and Fair election in Kashmir was also held for the first time during his time.Many people even think that if Atal Bihari Vajpayee would have been elected one more time then Kashmir would have a different scenario.
III)INDIA- PAKISTAN PEACE TALKS
But the most daring achievement in the foreign policy was his try to promote peace between India and Pakistan.
He started a new bus service between Delhi to Lahore in 1991 where he himself went to Lahore and gave a famous speech in Lahore, which was telecast by Pakistani TV and was appreciated by Pakistanis.
But unfortunately Kargil war started after a few months and the peace talks had to end. But even after that as soon as the war ended he resume the peace talks and 2001 he called President Parvez Musharraf to Agra, India to start the bonding again and find the solution between the two countries.
Fifth achievement about which I would like to talk is Atal Bihari Vajpayee personality and his believes. He was a very down to earth person and a humble person.He used to not differentiate between the common man and an influential man.
There’s a very famous quote by him “If India is not secular then India is not India at all”.This quote shows that he used to believe in inclusive growth and believe in walking by taking everyone along.
I) HAD IMMENSE RESPECT FOR OPPOSITION
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was a precious gem in politics.It’s very rare to see such politicians.He used to never abuse the opposition politician to make him feel low.And he used to never talk in bad language with them.He used to always talk with dignity and respect..Infact he has praised many opposition politicians and even respected them.He used to never blame Nehru for his mistakes .Unlike how some politicians do these days. Many people used to say for Atalji Bihari Vajpayee that he is the right man in the wrong party.
So these were some of his achievements specifically the first four performance based achievements, the performance done by his government.Looking at that it could be said the Atal Bihari Vajpaye is one of the Best Prime Minister of the country.For more informative blogs go to http://www.perfectentreprneur.com