Thomas Edison also known as Thomas Alva Edison .( February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931 ) was a businessman and inventor born on February 11th 1847 in Milan Ohio United States .His father’s name was Samuel Ogden Edison jr. and Mother’s name was Nancy Matthews Eliot .Thomas Edison was the youngest of the seven children of his parents .His father was an exiled political activist and mother was a teacher. He spent most of his childhood at Port Huron Michigan
Short Biography of Thomas Edison
Name: Thomas Elva Edison
Born On: 11th February 1847
Father’s Name: Samuel Ogden Edison
Mother’s Name: Nancy Matthews Eliot
Death: 18 October 1931
At age 12, Edison convinced his parents to let him sell newspapers to passengers along the Grand Trunk Railroad line. Thomas began publishing his own small newspaper, called the Grand Trunk Herald. The up-to-date articles were a hit with passengers. This was the first of what would become a long string of entrepreneurial ventures where he saw a need and capitalized on the opportunity. Edison also used his access to the railroad to conduct chemical experiments in a small laboratory he set up in a train baggage car.During one of his experiments, a chemical fire started and the car caught fire. The conductor rushed in and struck Thomas on the side of the head, probably furthering some of his hearing loss. He was kicked off the train and forced to sell his newspapers at various stations along the route.
Edison attended school for only a few months,. Much of his education came from reading R. G. Parker’s School of Natural Philosophy and from enrolling in chemistry courses at The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art. He did not do well in school and it ended up being home schooled by his mother. Interestingly young Edison received his formal education for just about 12 weeks .
Since an early age he had developed hearing difficulties which increased with age and by the middle years he was almost deaf that would serve him throughout his life.
Thomas Edison’s Inventions:
1)Electrographic Vote -recorder
2)Pneumatic Stencil Pen
3)Magnetic Iron -Ore separator
4)The Electric Power Meter
5)Method of Preserving Fruits and Veg
6)Alkaline Battery for Electric Cars\
11)The Spirit Phone
13)The Light Bulb
While Edison worked for the railroad, a near-tragic event turned fortuitous for the young man. After Edison saved a three-year-old from being run over by an errant train, the child’s grateful father rewarded him by teaching him to operate a telegraph.
By age 15, he had learned enough to be employed as a telegraph operator.For the next five years, Edison traveled throughout the Midwest as an itinerant telegrapher, subbing for those who had gone to the Civil War. In his spare time, he read widely, studied and experimented with telegraph technology, and became familiar with electrical science.
In 1866, at age 19, Edison moved to Louisville, Kentucky, working for The Associated Press.The night shift allowed him to spend most of his time reading and experimenting. He developed an unrestricted style of thinking and inquiry, proving things to himself through objective examination and experimentation.Initially, Edison excelled at his telegraph job because early Morse code was inscribed on a piece of paper, so Edison’s partial deafness was no handicap. However, as the technology advanced, receivers were increasingly equipped with a sounding key, enabling telegraphers to “read” message by the sound of the clicks. This left Edison disadvantaged, with fewer and fewer opportunities for employment.
Electronic voting recorder
In 1868, Edison returned home to find his beloved mother was falling into mental illness and his father was out of work. The family was almost destitute. Edison realized he needed to take control of his future.Upon the suggestion of a friend, he ventured to Boston, landing a job for the Western Union Company. At the time, Boston was America’s center for science and culture, and Edison reveled in it. In his spare time, he designed and patented an electronic voting recorder for quickly tallying votes in the legislature.However, Massachusetts lawmakers were not interested. As they explained, most legislators didn’t want votes tallied quickly. They wanted time to change the minds of fellow legislators.
Thomas Edison: Inventions In 1869, at 22 years old, Edison moved to New York City and developed his first invention, an improved stock ticker called the Universal Stock Printer, which synchronized several stock tickers’ transactions. The Gold and Stock Telegraph Company was so impressed, they paid him $40,000 for the rights. With this success, he quit his work as a telegrapher to devote himself full-time to inventing.By the early 1870s, Thomas Edison had acquired a reputation as a first-rate inventor.
In1870, he set up his first small laboratory and manufacturing facility in Newark, New Jersey, and employed several machinists.As an independent entrepreneur, Edison formed numerous partnerships and developed products for the highest bidder. Often that was Western Union Telegraph Company, the industry leader,but just as often, it was one of Western Union’s rivals.
In one such instance, Edison devised for Western Union the quadruplex telegraph, capable of transmitting two signals in two different directions on the same wire, but railroad tycoon Jay Gould snatched the invention from Western Union, paying Edison more than $100,000 in cash, bonds and stock, and generating years of litigation.I
In 1876, Edison moved his expanding operations to Menlo Park, New Jersey, and built an independent industrial research facility incorporating machine shops and laboratories. That same year, Western Union encouraged him to develop a communication device to compete with Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone. He never did.
However, in December of 1877, Edison developed a method for recording sound: the phonograph.Though not commercially viable for another decade, the invention brought him world wide fame.
Thomas Edison’s Light Bulb While Thomas Edison was not the inventor of the first light bulb, he came up with the technology that helped bring it to the masses.Edison was driven to perfect a commercially practical, efficient incandescent light bulb following English inventor Humphry Davy’s invention of the first early electric arc lamp in the early 1800s.
Over the decades following Davy’s creation, scientists such as Warren de la Rue, Joseph Wilson Swan, Henry Woodward and Mathew Evans had worked to perfect electric light bulbs or tubes using a vacuum but were unsuccessful in their attempts.After buying Woodward and Evans’ patent and making improvements in his design, Edison was granted a patent for his own improved light bulb in 1879. He began to manufacture and market it for widespread use.
Edison Illuminating Company –
In January 1880, Edison set out to develop a company that would deliver the electricity to power and light the cities of the world.That same year, he founded the Edison Illuminating Company—the first investor-owned electric utility—which later became the General Electric Corporation.
Later Inventions & Business
In 1887, Edison built an industrial research laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey, which served as the primary research laboratory for the Edison lighting companies. He spent most of his time there, supervising the development of lighting technology and power systems.
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Motion Picture Camera and Alkaline Storage Battery
He also perfected the phonograph, and developed the motion picture camera and the Alkaline storage battery.
Over the next few decades, Edison found his role as inventor transitioning to one as industrialist and business manager. The laboratory in West Orange was too large and complex for any one man to completely manage, and Edison found he was not as successful in his new role as he was in his former one.Edison also found that much of the future development and perfection of his inventions was being conducted by university-trained mathematicians and scientists. He worked best in intimate, unstructured environments with a handful of assistants and was out spoken about his disdain for academia and corporate operations.
Magnetic Iron -Ore separator
During the 1890s, Edison built a magnetic iron-ore processing plant in northern NewJersey that proved to be a commercial failure. Later, he was able to salvage the process into a better method for producing cement. On April 23, 1896, Edison became the first person to project a motion picture, holding the world’s first motion picture screening at Koster & Bial’s Music Hall in New York City.
As the automobile industry began to grow, Edison worked on developing a suitable storage battery that could power an electric car. Though the gasoline-powered engine eventually prevailed, Edison designed a battery for the self-starter on the Model T for friend and admirer Henry Ford in 1912. The system was used extensively in the auto industry for decades.
Head of the Naval Consulting board during World War 1
During World War I, the U.S. government asked Thomas Edison to head the Naval Consulting Board, which examined inventions submitted for military use. Edison worked on several projects, including submarine detectors and gun-location techniques. However, due to his moral indignation toward violence, he specified that he would work only on defensive weapons,later noting, “I am proud of the fact that I never invented weapons to kill.” said by Thomas Edison
Edison’s Wives and Children (Family)
In 1871 Edison married 16-year-old Mary Stilwell,who was an employee at one of his businesses. During their 13-year marriage, they had three children, Marion, Thomas and William, who himself became an inventor. In 1884, Mary died at the age of 29 of a suspected brain tumor. In 1886, Edison married Mina Miller,19 years his junior.
Top 10 Thomas Edison Motivational Quotes
- Many of life’s failure are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up. – Thomas Edison
- I know this world is ruled by infinite intelligence. Everything that surrounds us- everything that exists – proves that there are infinite laws behind it. There can be no denying this fact. It is mathematical in its precision.” – Thomas Edison
- “Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time.” – Thomas Edison
- “There is no substitute for hard work.” – Thomas Edison
- Opportunity is missed by most people because it is dressed in overalls and looks like work. – Thomas Edison
- Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety nine percent perspiration. – Thomas Edison
- I do not believe in God of the theologians; but that there is a supreme intelligence I do not doubt. – Thomas Edison
- . “Just because something doesn’t do what you planned it to do doesn’t mean it’s useless.” – Thomas Edison
- “Being busy does not always mean real work. The object of all work is production or accomplishment and to either of these ends there must be forethought, system, planning, intelligence, and honest purpose, as well as perspiration. Seeming to do is not doing.” – Thomas Edison
- “Your worth consists in what you are and not in what you have.” – Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison died of complications of diabetes on October 18, 1931, in his home, Glenmont, in West Orange, New Jersey. He was 84 years old. Many communities and corporations throughout the world dimmed their lights or briefly turned off their electrical power to commemorate his passing
But by the time he died, Thomas Edison was one of the most well-known and respected Americans in the world. He had been at the fore front of America’s first technological revolution and set the stage for the modern electric world.